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Education and Psychology

Fundamentals  of Educational  Research

Fundamentals of Educational Research

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Educational research refers to a variety of methods, in which individuals evaluate different aspects of education including: “student learning, teaching methods, teacher training, and classroom dynamics”. It is the scientific field of study that examines education and learning processes and the human attributes, interactions, organizations, and institutions that shape educational outcomes. Scholarship in the field seeks to describe, understand, and explain how learning takes place throughout a person’s life and how formal and informal contexts of education affect all forms of learning. Education research embraces the full spectrum of rigorous methods appropriate to the questions being asked and also drives the development of new tools and methods. This text is valuable for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students as well as researchers employed in private industry, management and government agencies containing concept and significance of research in education, action research, research process, sampling, methods of research, tools of research, and much more.

Education research is the scientific field of study that examines education and learning processes and the human attributes, interactions, organizations, and institutions that shape educational outcomes. Scholarship in the field seeks to describe, understand, and explain how learning takes place throughout a person’s life and how formal and informal contexts of education affect all forms of learning. Education research embraces the full spectrum of rigorous methods appropriate to the questions being asked and also drives the development of new tools and methods. Researchers conduct educational research in order to come up with new findings that help educators become better informed about teaching practices, learning, motivation, classroom management and human development, as these can help teachers more effectively educate their students. Administrators and counselors also benefit from these findings as they learn to better understand how students learn and develop. The educational research process follows the scientific method, and researchers can choose to do descriptive or experimental research. Descriptive research seeks to describe something that is happening, and it may focus on people, an organization or a specific setting. The research design may be simple and just involve collecting data for the purpose of describing one thing, or it may be comparative and focus on multiple participants. Another type of descriptive research is correlational research, its purpose is to see how two variables are related. Experimental research, on the other hand, involves coming up with specific research questions that need answered. Unlike with descriptive research, the participants in this kind of study are randomly selected. One group would receive some special treatment to determine whether the variable actually has an effect, while the other would not receive this treatment.

Hazel Angelyn Tesoro

Hazel Angelyn Tesoro

Hazel Angelyn E. Tesoro is currently pursuing her MA in Teaching English at the University of Rizal System (Morong Campus)—the same university where she earned her Bachelor’s degree in Education major in English. Working as a Senior High School Teacher at Baras Senior High School, in her hometown, Baras, Rizal, she teaches senior high school core subjects and applied subjects as well as ones focusing on the strand Humanities and Social Sciences (HUMSS).