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Classification System in Library Collections

Classification System in Library Collections

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Libraries use classi cation systems to organize library materials so they can be easily and quickly found. These systems place items about the same subject in the same area of the library. This process helps the user to arrange, organize and make a logical sense of objects which also assists the user to locate them in an easy manner. A major objective of libraries is to ensure that optimum use is made of their collections by leading each user as directly as possible to the material he or she requires. The rapid success of these technologies led to development of many types of electronic resources. This book will constitute a meaningful contribution to contemporary literature in this crucial area. Students, researchers, academicians as well the professionals in the eld, will nd this book most useful.

In any science, the problem of classification and typologization belongs to one of the leading problems, since it allows ordering and systematizing the objects and phenomena that make up the object and the subject of its investigation. In library science, the issues of classification and typology of libraries were actively discussed during the entire 20th century, there are much less positive changes in this direction than one might expect, given the importance of the topic and the credibility of the developers.

The earliest attempts to classify libraries are related to the realization of one of the pragmatic management functions of accounting. With the emergence of the need to divide the total set of libraries into specific groups, the libraries attempted to group the libraries according to different criteria to process the information they received, primarily by their belonging to the founders and the location. Realizing the importance of information about the activities of libraries to determine the degree of education and mental needs the first attempt was made in 1864, presenting the experience of gathering and giving the most important information about libraries extracted from various printed sources. Particularly active issues of organizing the collection and grouping of information about libraries were discussed at the congress on Library Science in countries of the world. The question of the statistical grouping, and accordingly of the classification of libraries, turned out to be ineffective. The main feature of the classification of libraries remained geographical.

At the heart of the construction of any classification are the properties of the objects under consideration. Based on the provisions of the system approach, they can be divided into two groups, determined by the external and internal environment. Each of the elements of the library’s external environment serves as a basis for singling out one or more classification features. Among the most important elements of the external environment that generate classification signs, it is necessary to name the society as a whole and the state that determines the forms of ownership, the mechanism for establishing and financing its institutions, administrative-territorial division and other attributes of the activities of libraries.

This book aims to help readers understand classification system in library collections with examples of different countries around the world. The book covers following major points for readers to understand the classification of system: Dewey’s Decimal Classification, Universal Decimal Classification (UDC), Characteristics of the Library System, and typology of libraries, classification of libraries and principles of library activity.

Dr. Anand Murugan

Dr. Anand Murugan

Dr. Anand Murugan has completed Master degree and PHD in Library and Information Science at Bharathidasan University, Tirchirapalli,Tamilnadu. After completion of the courses, he started his carrier at IIM Bangalore as a Library Trainee. He has served Navarasam College of Arts and science, Erode, VLB Janakiammal college of Arts and science and Srikrishna college of Engineering Technology, Coimbatore as a Librarian. At Present he is working as a Deputy Librarian at Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi. He has attended many National and International conference and published more than 20 research papers. He attended 75th IFLA International conference at Italy and visited many countries National and International organization Libraries like France, Switzerland, Greece, UNESCO, ILO, WTO Libraries. He has attended QQML 2012 International conference and visited UK, Ireland and Cambridge University, Oxford University Libraries and British Museum. His main area of research is Library website and Library building and Marketing of Library service.